Hyperpigmentation and Melasma: Causes, the Eﬃcacy of Cosmelan Treatment
Hyperpigmentation and Melasma
Introduction: hyperpigmentation is a frequent complaint, making up about 8.5% of all calls to dermatologists. They can be congenital, with dif- ferent types of inheritance or acquired due to external factors, systemic diseases. This article will focus on acquired hyperpigmentation associated with elevated melanin levels. Particularly it should be emphasized aspects of therapy, with particular attention to melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, periorbital pigmentation. Results: Within a week, the appearance of the treated skin is noticeably improved. Skin type has a big influence on the effect of the treatment. People with skin phototype IV and V (dark skin) may notice that the effect will start faster because after 8-10 days. People with phototype I and II notice the disappearance of spots from 8 to 21 days. The overall effect of Cosmelan treatment should be up to 30 days. Conclusion: If we approach the correction of pigment formation from these positions, it becomes obvious that the effect in the skin should be as complex, soft and gentle as possible. Otherwise, there is a risk of getting not only a local reaction opposite to the desired one, but also harm the patient, aggravating the existing cosmetic defect and social psychological maladjustment of the personality.
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